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Monographic Studies【Font:Small Big

A Review of “Utopian" Literature in the Late Qing and Early Republican Period

Author:   Geng Chuanming    Update Time:2015年06月02日

The palmy days of“utopian" literature in modern China lasted from after the Eight-Nation Alliance invasion of China in 1900 to the May Fourth Movement in 1919 in the early Republican period. It emerged not only as a response to the severe setbacks encountered by China in modern times, but also, to an even greater extent, out of the desire of the Chinese to pass beyond tradition and search for a new continent of human civilization. Depending on the nature of their content and their relationship with reality, three kinds of “utopia" can be discerned, namely, utopias with a close-up, middle or distant vision. “Utopia" and the diffusion of a “utopian" spirit and way of thinking have changed the innate gene of Chinese literature. As a result, a literary history that had been dominated by heredity became one dominated by variation. From language to form and content, Chinese literature underwent great changes. Underlying these changes was the total liberation and growth of the knowledge, feelings and will of people today.



Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

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